SUPERB: Speech processing Universal PERformance Benchmark

June 16, 2021

Abstract

Self-supervised learning (SSL) has proven vital for advancing research in natural language processing (NLP) and computer vision (CV). The paradigm pretrains a shared model on large volumes of unlabeled data and achieves state-of-the-art (SOTA) for various tasks with minimal adaptation. However, the speech processing community lacks a similar setup to systematically explore the paradigm. To bridge this gap, we introduce Speech processing Universal PERformance Benchmark (SUPERB). SUPERB is a leaderboard to benchmark the performance of a shared model across a wide range of speech processing tasks with minimal architecture changes and labeled data. Among multiple usages of the shared model, we especially focus on extracting the representation learned from SSL due to its preferable re-usability. We present a simple framework to solve SUPERB tasks by learning task-specialized lightweight prediction heads on top of the frozen shared model. Our results demonstrate that the framework is promising as SSL representations show competitive generalizability and accessibility across SUPERB tasks. We release SUPERB as a challenge with a leaderboard and a benchmark toolkit to fuel the research in representation learning and general speech processing.

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AUTHORS

Written by

Kushal Lakhotia

Abdelrahman Mohamed

Andy T. Liu

Hung-yi Lee

Jeff Lai

Jiatong Shi

Po-Han Chi

Shang-Wen Li

Shinji Watanabe

Shu-wen (Leo) Yang

Yist Lin

Yung-Sung Chuang

Publisher

INTERSPEECH